radius of total curvature

radius of total curvature
радиус полной кривизны

Англо-русский словарь по машиностроению. 2014.

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  • Curvature — In mathematics, curvature refers to any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry. Intuitively, curvature is the amount by which a geometric object deviates from being flat, or straight in the case of a line, but this …   Wikipedia

  • Curvature of Riemannian manifolds — In mathematics, specifically differential geometry, the infinitesimal geometry of Riemannian manifolds with dimension at least 3 is too complicated to be described by a single number at a given point. Riemann introduced an abstract and rigorous… …   Wikipedia

  • Curvature form — In differential geometry, the curvature form describes curvature of a connection on a principal bundle. It can be considered as an alternative to or generalization of curvature tensor in Riemannian geometry. Contents 1 Definition 1.1 Curvature… …   Wikipedia

  • curvature — /kerr veuh cheuhr, choor /, n. 1. the act of curving or the state of being curved. 2. a curved condition, often abnormal: curvature of the spine. 3. the degree of curving of a line or surface. 4. Geom. a. (at a point on a curve) the derivative of …   Universalium

  • Scalar curvature — In Riemannian geometry, the scalar curvature (or Ricci scalar) is the simplest curvature invariant of a Riemannian manifold. To each point on a Riemannian manifold, it assigns a single real number determined by the intrinsic geometry of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaussian curvature — In differential geometry, the Gaussian curvature or Gauss curvature of a point on a surface is the product of the principal curvatures, κ 1 and κ 2, of the given point. It is an intrinsic measure of curvature, i.e., its value depends only on how… …   Wikipedia

  • Mean curvature — In mathematics, the mean curvature H of a surface S is an extrinsic measure of curvature that comes from differential geometry and that locally describes the curvature of an embedded surface in some ambient space such as Euclidean space. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Principal curvature — Saddle surface with normal planes in directions of principal curvatures In differential geometry, the two principal curvatures at a given point of a surface are the eigenvalues of the shape operator at the point. They measure how the surface… …   Wikipedia

  • Sectional curvature — In Riemannian geometry, the sectional curvature is one of the ways to describe the curvature of Riemannian manifolds. The sectional curvature K(σp) depends on a two dimensional plane σp in the tangent space at p. It is the Gaussian curvature of… …   Wikipedia

  • Earth radius — The Earth s shape, like that of all major planets, approximates a sphere. A true sphere has a unique radius, but on Earth the distance from the mean sea level at each point on the surface to the center (the radius of the Earth at a point on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Differential geometry of surfaces — Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1828 In mathematics, the differential geometry of surfaces deals with smooth surfaces with various additional structures, most often, a Riemannian metric. Surfaces have been extensively studied from various perspectives:… …   Wikipedia


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